PRODUCT PROFILE OF FRESH RED ONIONS

India is the second largest onion growing country in the world. Indian onions are famous for their pungency and are available round the year. Indian onions has two crop cycles, first harvesting starts in November to January and the second harvesting from January to May.


Areas of Cultivation:


The Major Onion producing states area Maharashtra, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Haryana and Tamil Nadu. Maharashtra ranks first in Onion production with a share of 27.72%. Maharashtra State contributes about 80-85% in the total onion export and Nashik is the major market for red onions in the country.


India Facts and Figures:


There is a lot of demand of Indian Onion in the world, the country has exported 12,01,245.29 MT of fresh onion to the world for the worth of Rs. 2,747.41 crores during the year 2015-16.


Packaging and details of Onions


For exports - Packing size wholly depends on the importing country requirement. Some of the netted poly bag sizes have been given below for different countries. Generally there are 60 fills per 10kg bag of onion.


Table 1: Showing the packing specifications of some countries

  • Importing nation
  • Malaysia and Indonesia
  • Srilanka
  • Singapore
  • Philippines
  • Gulf countries
  • Pack size
  • 10 kg
  • 25 Kg
  • 8 Kg
  • 20 Kg
  • 5 Kg, 10 Kg, 15 Kg and 20 Kg


Table 2: Size of Onion required by different countries

  • Country
  • Middle East and Gulf (Dubai, Sharjah, Doha, Muscat,
    Bahrain, Dammam, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait)
  • Malaysia, Singapore, Port Kelang & African Ports
  • Sri Lanka
  • Bangladesh, Pakistan & Nepal
  • Europe
  • Japan
  • Size (mm)

  • 40 – 60
  • 25 – 30
  • 25 – 30
  • 25 – 30
  • 60 – 70
  • 60 – 70


For domestic markets - For domestic markets, onions are packed in gunny bags.


Chain of events which happen up to shipment of Fresh Onions

  • Sr.No.
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7
  • 8
  • 9
  • Guidelines
  • Transported to Packhouse
  • Unloading
  • Sorting & Grading
  • Packed in netted poly bag sizes
  • Precooling
  • Cold storage
  • Palletizing
  • Refrigerated trucks
  • Shipment


Documents required for exports of Fresh Onions

  • Documents related to goods
  • Invoice
  • Packing List
  • Certificate of origin
  • Documents related to shipment
  • Mate Receipt
  • Shipping Bill
  • Bill of handing
  • Airway Bill
  • Documents related to Payment
  • Letter of Credit (L/C)
  • Bill of Exchange
  • Documents related to quality of goods
  • Phytosanitary Certificate
  • GLOBALGAP Certification
  • Health Certificate
  • Organic Certification
  • Certificate indicating material produce is based on organic farming.
  • Documents related to Foreign Exchange Regulations
  • GR Form: Documents required by RBI which assures to RBI that the exporter will realize the proceeds of goods within 180 days from the date of Shipment.
  • Other Documents
  • Bank Realization Certification (BRC): This is the advice given by Foreign Exchange Bank after the realization of money from Importer.